You are here: Home \ Challenges \ Illegal logging in Malaysia \ Introduction

Elegant

Problem tree

Related problems

None added

Search

Type-ahead search field here...
Advanced faceted search...

Index

List all concepts alphabetically here (everything from issues, facts, data sets, solutions, actions, criterias etc). Use faceted search to filter, sort and group items.

Map

Interactive map mindmap like diagram here where users can browse the entire problem space using relations such as those between object, stakeholders, variables ... and anything else.

National challenge created by AZNUR HAJAR Tuesday, August 18, 2015

Details

Statistics

The problem

Illegal logging is the harvest, transportation, purchase or sale of timber in violation of laws. The harvesting procedure itself may be illegal, including using corrupt means to gain access to forests; extraction without permission or from a protected area; the cutting of protected species; or the extraction of timber in excess of agreed limits. 

In Peninsular Malaysia, main cause of illegal logging  never been determined but some NGOs claimed that illegal logging in Peninsular Malaysia occurred because of corruption among forest authorities, weak of law enforcement and lack of enforcement operations. Noted that, tropical forest in Peninsular Malaysia is very dense and some are located in the remote areas and places deep into the forest and involves large areas away from public, the monitoring agencies and the press. Therefore, the probability of detection and arrest of forest offenders are low in some areas. Some policies created by the state government also encourage to this issue. For example, it is believe that some state governments have charged very high tender price for timber harvesting rights and it was reported that some states charge price for timber very much above expected stumpage value of the standing timber (Rusli, 2001). This has caused timber companies to log areas that not allocated to them in order to recover as much cost as possible from timber harvesting operations.

Malaysia has defined the illegal logging as any activities that include offenses relating to logging without permit, logging outside a licensed area and construction of infrastructure including unauthorized building of forest roads (FDPM, 2003). In Peninsular Malaysia, three categories are used to classify forest offenses. Three categories to classify forest offenses are; Category I: Cover offences involving logging without licenses and logging outside license area and unauthorized construction of infrastructure and forest roads, Category II: Cover encroachment of forest reserves for agricultural activities and settlements and Category III: Cover other forest offences that involves felling of unmarked trees, cutting trees below the cutting limit, unlicensed workers and contractors with no valid sub-licensed, unregistered machinery plus other bleaches of rules and regulations committed within and outside the forest reserved (FDPM, 2003).

Focusing question

1) How can we reduce the illegal logging? 

2) How complex is the problem?

3) What events caused this problem?

4) Why is it a problem?

5) Does the problem pose threat? To people? To organization? To the community? In what way is it a threat? 

6) There's a source stated that illegal loggers cut down trees at permit area under companies that have license. What can be done to limit tree cutting by concessions company?

7) Where are hotspot areas that illegal loggers cut down trees?

8) Can we reduce the exportation timbers towards buyers?(Japan has been the largest buyer of timber products from Sarawak, Malaysia, for more than twenty years) 

9) Who benefits from such illegal deforestation?

10) Who is affected by this illegal logging activities?

11) Why does illegal logging happen?

12) How many involved in illegal logging activities?

13) Who's in charged ?

14) Does the law implemented work?

15) Does the offenders being given heavy penalty?

Where to go from here

Koios has been developed to kick-start your journey towards collaboratively solving complex social challenges.

Before you start

  • If you are not already familiar with Koios you should browse through the about-pages in the top menu just to get an overview of Koios and what it is all about.
  • Read through the challenge content before requesting to join the challenge space team so that you are sure that the challenge is actually something you want to dedicate time to.
  • Be prepared that solving complex challenges takes a lot of time and effort.

Important information on posting content

  • Koios.org is designed to be used by anyone including the young, old and those without an academic degree. When writing text do not use academic or expert jargon.
  • Most people do not like to read long passages online. Be concise, to the point and structure content in hierarchies when possible. Add a summary at the top.
  • There might already be a ton of research on the problem you are working on. Your job is to collect and present summaries of the findings in a structured way and link to the original resource.
  • When you get to a certain amount of content added for the challenge, begin to focus on quality by editing and removing poorly supported statements etc.

If you don't really have time to research and analyse this challenge you can still help out.

Here's small things you can do right now:

Not implemented

If your are directly affected by this problem we invite you to share your story.

Go to the Stories sub section on Introduction pane

Issue type



Severity




Issue title


Description
Development issues