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The current situation

Suggested tasks/questions for this sub section

Add interesting content about what people are doing or not doing. What's going on on the surface? What are the easily observable manifestations of the problem?

What are the traits of the situation? What are some interesting phenomenon going on here? What are banal or curious with the situation?

This section can contain anecdotes.

You might also include what seems mundane. If you are affected by the problem you might have gotten used to some of the issues that others would characterize as peculiar. Often these are so common that we tend to not think of them.

The items you add here are observable things that may indicate there is a problem. They need not be good or bad, it should just be some aspect that makes the situation peculiar or different when compared to the past or when compared to other places.

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Further reading for intermediate problem solvers:

This section is used to point out the obvious observable issues of the problem. It is used to describe what is going on on the surface. It helps us to describe the current situation in a way that anyone can relate to.

While the next sections hold facts and statistics, this section is about our common sense judgement of the situation. It describes the absurdities of the situation.

The "observations section" describes the plain mundane manifestations of the problem that can be seen by the general public. These are usually so mundane that we fail to recognize them as being part of a systemic problem.

The observations section should describe the status quo (or the existing state of affairs).

This sub section can be seen as a list of interesting aspects of the problem. This helps you uncover the less serious aspects (not just the severe issues) which is important to form an understanding of the entire problem complexity.

At this stage in the process you should consider doing a field trip to see the problem situation by yourself.

We humans are experiential creatures. So, there needs to be some way to actually experience our system – to become authentically curious about the passions, goals and worldviews of others in the system – to literally walk around in it, seeing, hearing and feeling what serves the system and what doesn’t.
- Scott Spann, Innate Strategies

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What are some interesting observations of the current situation?

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The observable curiosities that keep happening are the compentence of english level of the future pillars of the nations. This have caused the children to be incompatible and incompetable among the students across the globe in entering a reputable university. However, the incompetency level of children are being linked back to the core level of education children had acquire throughout their learning years.

In 2011, more than forty- thousand Malaysian graduates from public Universities could not get jobs in the private sector because they were not proficient in English. A large number of them were Malays from the rural areas. Their “unemployability” puts a drag on the country’s economic growth.

Noteworthy things are teachers claim students and parents are losing confidence in the education system. By reacting to such matter, they sent their children to private school which the medium of language is in English instead of government school. Sultan of Johor see how English education has impacted the young people in Johor as they cross over the Johor Straits to study in Singapore. Quality of english teachers in the education system, and the government policies are not working out as what they expected.

The turnouts of the competence level of students has also caused 72,000 graduates throughout the country were unemployed due to a poor command in English. “Even though they have the qualification, they were unable to speak well in English during interviews as most of the interviews conducted by mega companies are in English,” said the state Manpower and Labour Department director August Buma when met at the Job Placement programme for Kapit held at the civic centre here on Saturday. 

Unemployment, is still however evident among university graduates. A member of the Core Organizing Committee for TEDxYouth@KL, Gwen Yi said, “the most tangible reason for the lack of job force participation is the lack of English proficiency among university graduates. "Fresh graduates in Malaysia have an unbelievably low grasp of the language," said Yi. Yi, who is a huge proponent of youth entrepreneurship and education reform, added that regardless of the various decisions made by the Ministry of Educationin implementing teaching Mathematics and Science in English (PPSMI), some students are still uncomfortable conversing in the language. Being adept in English language is essential particularly among school leavers in order to equip themto advance in universities and gradually when they enter the workforce. Yi, who has represented Malaysia in over 10 international conferences, cited a Jobstreet survey by that showed poor grasp of English has contributed to 55 per cent of fresh graduates’ unemployment in the country.

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  • What are some observable curiosities that keep happening?
  • What are some noteworthy things going on?

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Suggested tasks/questions for this sub section

  • Look for facts that are memorable, out of the ordinary, remarkable, extraordinary, puzzling or unexpected.
  • Find facts that others would find interesting.

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  • The text still has to be a fact. Do not distort facts to make it more selling.

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Further reading for intermediate problem solvers:

The Striking facts are mainly to grab people’s attention.

These may not be negative in itself but they help to identify the severity of the situation.

These facts should be shocking or humorous in order to attract attention and to become memorable.

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What are some striking facts about the situation?

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  • Students in Malaysia has a low command in English which make it difficult for them to enter reputable university.
  • Parents are losing confidence with the current Malaysia education system moreover majority of them cannot afford to sent their children to a private schools as the education fee are more expensive.

  • Parents should be given a choice either to sent their children to private or public schools.

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Add new striking facts

Add an interesting, shocking or funny fact.

  • These items are added to make the challenge more lively and interesting.

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Suggested tasks/questions for this sub section

  • Only add factual numbers.
  • Add statistics on things that are measurable.
  • Use valid objective unbiased sources.

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  • Do not do any interpretation such as what it will lead to and why it is bad etc.

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Further reading for intermediate problem solvers:

The statistics section helps you clarify the extent or magnitude of the problem.

This is useful in order to rank or prioritize this social challenge against other challenge. If the problem is not really substantial you should consider trying to solve another more important problem.

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What are some good statistics on the extent of the problem?

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Add new statistic

Add a statistical key figure or a few related statistics in one paragraph.

  • This should be an important figure that helps to shed light on how big the problem is.

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Suggested tasks/questions for this sub section

  • Find out what people fear whether the threat is real or imagined.
  • What are people afraid will happen if nothing is done?
  • What are common perceptions, feelings, attitudes, frustrations or complaints people have about the situation?
  • Gather experts and have them provide observations and judgements about important developments that are underway or expected.

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Further reading for intermediate problem solvers:

On this sub section we add common concerns by the public, by experts or others.

This helps to get a picture of the public perception which is important to know about when we start to go deeper into the problem.

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What are some common concerns?

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Malaysia is a multi-culture, multi-rational and multi-language country, despite having other vernacular languages in Malaysia, such as Bahasa Melayu, Chinese and others, the English language proficiency holds the prominence due to its importance of interaction with the rest of the world. According to the findings of English Proficiency Index (EPI) 2014, Malaysia was ranked 11th out of 60 countries globally. However despite the findings from EPI 2014, it is superficial that there is huge difference in the level of mastery English Language between the urban and rural students. 

Ministers are afraid the changing in the way of teaching in english medium, which is an factor to improve the competency english level of the student. They proclaims the changes in medium language, will cause a loss in bahasa malaysia identity among the nations.Ministers claimed switching into english medium can't be done in a forthnight, as the considerations of english level of students from the rural areas. 

English proficiency and employability are needed within a student in order to compete globally. Our country implemented the teaching of science and math in English from 2003 – 2012. Many parents and employers had called for English to be retained as the language of instruction for Science and Mathematics. Nevertheless, the Government had found that academic grades in Maths and Science subjects had fallen since English was introduced. This is partly because the students in rural districts suffered the most with the changed in syllabus because their English proficiency was low. 

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  • What are we afraid of?

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Suggested tasks/questions for this sub section

  • What are some typical misconceptions held by the the public?
  • What are some common widespread misunderstandings?
  • What are popular erroneous conceptions or mistaken notions about the problem situation?
  • What are some popular reasonless beliefs or traditions that have grown up around something or someone?

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Further reading for intermediate problem solvers:

In this section you can find common misconceptions about aspects of the problem.

This can be stories of ostensibly historical events that serve to unfold part of the world view of a people or explain a practice or belief.

This helps us to understand how the problem has evolved and the cultural context.

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What are some common myths or misconceptions about the problem?

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Add new myth

  • Add common myths often found among the public. Misconceptions held by single persons or groups should be added to Elements - Stakeholders.
  • First decribe the myth. Then describe how the myth is wrong.

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