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List all concepts alphabetically here (everything from issues, facts, data sets, solutions, actions, criterias etc). Use faceted search to filter, sort and group items.

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Interactive map mindmap like diagram here where users can browse the entire problem space using relations such as those between object, stakeholders, variables ... and anything else.

Solutions

Suggested tasks/questions for this sub section

  • Go through the content that has been added in the previous step: Solution space. Suggest solutions based on the root causes and high leverage points you have identified.
  • Brainstorm and get ideas for new solutions.
  • Detail out the solution and try to find out what will be affected and how. Solutions should be formulated as strategies rather than very concrete and specific solutions at this point.

Typical solution categories

  • Investments (to increase growth and eventually capability)
  • Incentive programs.
  • New laws, standards or regulations.

Be innovative and think different

You never change things by fighting the existing reality. To change something, build a new model that makes the existing model obsolete.
— R. Buckminster Fuller

How to come up with new and different solutions

  • Be creative, flexibile and intuitive in order to bring new perspectives for new solutions to the problem.
  • Reframe the problem, for example: 1) Use another metaphor or analogy to think differently about the problem. 2) Change your context and situation. You will see the problem differently in someone elses shoes. 3) Ask "what if"-questions in order to release preconceptions.
  • What are some opportunities that might be capitalized on?
  • Generating New Ideas at mindtools.com

Principles for good solution design

  • Dessign your solution around human activity and human concerns. This requires research.
  • Convene stakeholders who have a stake in the outcome of the intervention, or the solution will fail from lack of resonance to authentic stakeholder commitments.
  • Support both online and offline dialog to enable the connection of diverse stakeholders to the joint processes of inquiry and design.
  • Appreciate the complexity of the problem. Transcend the complexity.
  • Iterate over the solution proposal. Learn and re-integrate new thinking that occurs over successive explorations and exchanges.
  • Try different approaches to finding solutions. Try multiple methods that explore the full dimensionality of a problem over the period of inquiry.

The solution details view has sub sections with a set of fields. These fields are not intended to be very long, instead they are meant as summaries. Use the [xx] notation to refer to references.

Watch out for

Advanced topics

Further reading for intermediate problem solvers:

Here you will find solutions that have not yet been tried out in the real world on this or similar problems.

Please note that a solution should be viewed as a change. The term solution may give the impression that a solution solves all the issues of the problem and an ideal state is restored. Our view is that no solutions are perfect and so a solution should be viewed as a change towards a better, more optimal and equitable future.

"problem-solving is seen as a never-ending process in which changes are made, problems are redefined and situations, or views of them, change." - Checkland (1981)

Keep in mind that a problem is the result of the dynamics of a system. If you change one variable, all other variables/indicators, including the causes and effects, will also change. A system lives, grows and learns.

Suggested reading

No items added. Suggest a book, or online resource?

What are some suggested solution proposals?

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Description

Help

Short description of the change/intervention.

How does this solution cover the needs and wants of stakeholders?

Learn more about stakeholder management.


Goals

HelpWhat are the goals, objectives or purpose of this solution? How to we verify that the goals are achieved?

Scope

HelpWhat are the boundaries of this solution? What is not be part of this solution?

Reaching critical mass

Help

How are you to reach critical mass with your solution? With critical mass we mean a way to create momentum and have the 'snowball start rolling'?

Where will you start and what are the prioritized actions to have the solution become viral?

How will you make it spread? What catalysts will be used?

How can you make the solution scale? How will you make it self-direct and self-sustain? Will you create a new eco-system or tap into other eco-systems?


Proper coupling

Help

How will this solution create balance and harmony among relevant systems?

Will this solution improve performance of the system as a whole (rather than improving selected indicators at the expense of others)?


Change resistance

HelpHow will this solution overcome the forces og change resistance?

How can we create positive self reinforcing feedback loops that will increase awareness, incentives and social motivations to accelerate the changes we seek? How can we create network effects/critical mass and reinforce behavior loops?


Capability and learning

Help

How are we making sure the people within the problem system can evolve and strengthen their own capacity to solve this and other problems without having to rely on outside help or experts to initiate the process?


Solution model drift

HelpHow are we making sure the solution and our understanding keep up with changes in the problem situation?

How to measure

Help

What key indicators would you use to assess success? What secondary indicators will you use to assess the causal or influencing factors on the key indicator(s)?

How will you monitor and evaluate the implementation of this solution?

By what means will we measure success and progress? What should we monitor and how?

How can we add adaptive monitoring in order to identify signals of emmergent situations. Adaptive monitoring is important in order to be resilient and flexible.

How do we monitor both on the lower level and on a higher level? We must not forget about the big picture and the top key indicators.

What indicators would you use to assesses the costs and performance of this solution?


Changes required

Help

What are the main changes that need to happen?

What needs to happen to accellerate or reach the necessary tipping points?

What are the most important milestones?

What needs to change on the level of the individual, at the level of relationships with others, at the level of groups, at the level constituents and nations, and at the level of ecosystems and the global?


Actions

Help

What are the tasks/initiatives/projects to be initiated as part of this solution?

For each activity list factors that could impede the action or help/strengthen or make it easier. What could you take advantage of? What could you do to make sure everything goes as smooth as possible?

How will you test the solution? How can you perform a pilot to get a letter of intent and get early feedback and discover important road blocks?

Do you need certifications, patents or do you need to contact legal authorities?

What are the conditions that will enable our goals and what are the actions needed to facilitate those conditions?


Roadmap

HelpWhat are the major milestones of the plan? What needs to be done first and why?

Resources

HelpWhat are the most important resources needed for this solution?

Who is to be involved

HelpWhat persons, groups, organizations are to be involved in carrying out the solution? Is a multistakeholder approach to be used integrating all sectors (private, public and civil)?

Where is it to be carried out

HelpIn what geographical location is it to be carried out?

Allies

Help

Who are the required partners/allies and who can help to implement the solution?

How can you obtain formal endorsements?


Opposition

Help

Who are the likely people opposing, impeding, sabotaging or blocking this solution? How will you deal with it?

How will you overwin opposition? Opposition is often overcome by changing perceptions. Can you improve perception by targeting audiences from different angles? Think both top-down and bottom up.


Compensation

HelpWho are the likely loosers of this solution and how are they to be compensated, recognized or attended to?

Achievability

HelpIs it achievable from a technological, economic, legal, operational and cultural view point?

What are some important factors to consider for a successful implementation plan?

Is it possible to achieve the goals on time (or in a timely fashion)?


Getting buy-in

HelpHow are you to convince important stakeholders to support or accept the solution?

Rallying support

HelpHow are you planning to rally the support the people to build the popularity of the soluiton (grass root movements)

Obstacles

Help

What are the likely barriers/threats/obstacles/pitfalls?

E.g. legal, funding, beaucracy. Identify ways to overcome the obstacles.


Political context

HelpHow is the decision making environment?
Evaluate decision making structures, processes and legal/policy frameworks. Evaluate how global, national and community-level political, social and economic structures and interests affect the room for manoeuvering decision makers

Success factors

HelpWhat would be some success factors for this solution to be a success?

Timing

Help

What would be the right timing for this solution?

Is it better to introduce the solution at a specific time e.g. in relation to other external decision or shift?

Should it be placed into a larger formal political processes/program?


Impact on indicators

Help

How will the solution affect the problem indicators?

How will the solution perform over time? (short, medium and long term)

When will we see the desired effects? Keep in mind the butterfly effect and delays in feedback loops.

Consider using System Dynamics (SD) simulations.
Introduction to System Dynamics: Building a Simulation Model. YouTube

If you are not able to develop SD models and run simulations then instead use Causal Loop Diagrams to predict how different variables/indicators will be affected. A small change in one place can have big influence throughout the system. Knowing what other parts of the system will change as a result of a solution is important for decision makers.


Potency and effectiveness

HelpWill the solution solve the underlying root causes? Will it break vicious cycles (bad feedback loops) or will it create self reinforcing constructive cycles? Will it create self reinforcing constructive loops, how potent will they be?

Positive impacts

Help

What are the likely positive consequences?

Pay extra attention to synergy effects. How can this solution create self-reinforcing feedback loops that will get us out of this bad performing situation?

What are the short, medium and long term effects?

What are the different positive impacts across sectors/communities/stakeholders? (e.g. different companies, vulnerable groups, rural vs. urban communities etc.)

Is it an inclusive solution where benefits are equitably distributed across groups?


Negative impacts

Help

What are the likely negative consequences?

An intervention may generate bottlenecks or negative short-term impacts. How can we mitigate negative effects?

What are the negative impacts across sectors/communities and people?

Identify potential short and long-term challenges that may arise.

What are the different negative impacts across sectors/communities/stakeholders? (e.g. different companies, vulnerable groups, rural vs. urban communities etc.)


Costs

Help

What are the likely the costs (monetary, social, political etc.)?

Cost in the short, medium and long term.

Are the costs fairly allocated across actors in the system?


Financing

Help

How should the solution be financed?


Sustainability

Help

Is the solution sustainable over time?

  • Economic sustainability: Balance in profit, posession. Protection of property rights.
  • Social sustainability: Balance between the individual and the society. Personal integrity and freedom.
  • Environmental sustainability with the preservation of nature etc.

Legitimacy

HelpWill the solution have the required level of legitimacy to survive over time?

Acceptabiliy

Help

Is the solution acceptable by all?


Communicatable

HelpIs it easy to communicate the solution? Do people understand it and will it get backed?

Stop rules

Help

Are there any criteria to stop, pause or terminate the solution implementation?

Is there a deadline? Will there be side effects or negative consequences of not achieving the targets/goals within a certain time limit?


Risks

Help

What are the possible risks associated with this solution?

Add contingencies or uncertain events that may happen as a result of introducing this solution.

What about reversability? Is there a chance that this solution would make it extremely hard to change the path of progress?


Robustness

Help

How will we make sure the solution is robust/resilient and can withstand pressure, shocks and dislocations?

How do make sure the solution can withstand sabotage?


Scenarios

Help

How will this solution perform under the different scenarios we identified in Probable futures?

How should we respond if the solution develops in an unexpected direction? What could those directions be?

What are some external events or pressures that would jeopardize this solution?

Identify important risks and what to do about them if they should happen.


Risk reduction

Help

How can we avoid and prevent negative side effects in the first place?

How will we make sure the plan goes according to plan?

Are you going to monitor and evaluate decisions in order to continuously adapt your strategy to the evolving conditions?

Should you allow indicators to be identified and trends to be monitored in order to anticipate future challenges and opportunities?

Do you need to do continuous analysis of the system responses in order to identify early warning signs or gaps?


Adjustability

Help

How should we stay flexible in order to adapt to internal or external changes.

How should we stay lean and agile to avoid jeopardizing our own solution because of too much complexity and bureaucracy?

Keep in mind reversibility. Long time delays often mean that doing and undoing may require different lengths of time. If, over time, one finds out that the solution generates the wrong results it may take a long time to reverse the trend or undo the changes.


Follow up work

HelpWhat could be done as further work on this?

Who could be contacted for further work

HelpWho are people who could be contacted if this solution where to be tried again or continued in any way?
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YouTube or TED talk video page Url

HelpUse the YouTube or TED talk page Url, not embed code or other id.

Suggested tasks/questions for this sub section

  • Look at higher or lower levels.
  • Look at what sister jurisdictions, communities, locals or other agencies have done.

Watch out for

Advanced topics

Further reading for intermediate problem solvers:

Here you will find solutions that have already been implemented outside of Koios.

Suggested reading

No items added. Suggest a book, or online resource?

What are some solutions already tried out on this problem?

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No solutions already tried added. Add content and receive points.

Show version log
Loading...

Description

Help

Short description of the change/intervention.

How does this solution cover the needs and wants of stakeholders?

Learn more about stakeholder management.


Goals

HelpWhat were the goals, objectives or purpose of this solution? How to we verify that the goals are achieved?

Scope

HelpWhat were the boundaries of this solution? What was not be part of this solution?

Reaching critical mass

Help

How were you to reach critical mass with your solution? With critical mass we mean a way to create momentum and have the 'snowball start rolling'?

Where will you start and what are the prioritized actions to have the solution become viral?

How will you make it spread? What catalysts will be used?

How can you make the solution scale? How will you make it self-direct and self-sustain? Will you create a new eco-system or tap into other eco-systems?


Proper coupling

Help

How did this solution create balance and harmony among relevant systems?

Will this solution improve performance of the system as a whole (rather than improving selected indicators at the expense of others)?


Change resistance

HelpHow did this solution overcome the forces og change resistance?

How can we create positive self reinforcing feedback loops that will increase awareness, incentives and social motivations to accelerate the changes we seek? How can we create network effects/critical mass and reinforce behavior loops?


Capability and learning

Help

How were we making sure the people within the problem system can evolve and strengthen their own capacity to solve this and other problems without having to rely on outside help or experts to initiate the process?


Solution model drift

HelpHow were we making sure the solution and our understanding keep up with changes in the problem situation?

How to measure

Help

What key indicators would you use to assess success? What secondary indicators will you use to assess the causal or influencing factors on the key indicator(s)?

How will you monitor and evaluate the implementation of this solution?

By what means will we measure success and progress? What should we monitor and how?

How can we add adaptive monitoring in order to identify signals of emmergent situations. Adaptive monitoring is important in order to be resilient and flexible.

How do we monitor both on the lower level and on a higher level? We must not forget about the big picture and the top key indicators.

What indicators would you use to assesses the costs and performance of this solution?


Changes required

Help

What were the main changes that needed to happen?

What needs to happen to accellerate or reach the necessary tipping points?

What are the most important milestones?

What needs to change on the level of the individual, at the level of relationships with others, at the level of groups, at the level constituents and nations, and at the level of ecosystems and the global?


Actions

Help

What were the tasks/initiatives/projects initiated as part of this solution?

For each activity list factors that could impede the action or help/strengthen or make it easier. What could you take advantage of? What could you do to make sure everything goes as smooth as possible?

How will you test the solution? How can you perform a pilot to get a letter of intent and get early feedback and discover important road blocks?

Do you need certifications, patents or do you need to contact legal authorities?

What are the conditions that will enable our goals and what are the actions needed to facilitate those conditions?


Roadmap

HelpWhat were the major milestones of the plan? What needed to be done first and why?

Resources

HelpWhat were the most important resources needed for this solution?

Who were involved

HelpWhat persons, groups, organizations were involved in carrying out the solution? Were a multistakeholder approach used integrating all sectors (private, public and civil)?

Where was is carried out

HelpIn what geographical location was it carried out?

Allies

Help

Who were the required partners/allies and who helped to implement the solution?

How can you obtain formal endorsements?


Opposition

Help

Who were the people opposing, impeding, sabotaging or blocking this solution? How will you deal with it?

How will you overwin opposition? Opposition is often overcome by changing perceptions. Can you improve perception by targeting audiences from different angles? Think both top-down and bottom up.


Compensation

HelpWho were the loosers of this solution and how were they compensated, recognized or attended to?

Achievability

HelpWas it achievable from a technological, economic, legal, operational and cultural view point?

What were some important factors to consider for a successful implementation plan?

Is it possible to achieve the goals on time (or in a timely fashion)?


Getting buy-in

HelpHow did you convince important stakeholders to support or accept the solution?

Rallying support

HelpHow did you rally the support the people to build the popularity of the soluiton (grass root movements)

Obstacles

Help

What were the barriers/threats/obstacles/pitfalls?

E.g. legal, funding, beaucracy. Identify ways to overcome the obstacles.


Political context

HelpHow is the decision making environment?
Evaluate decision making structures, processes and legal/policy frameworks. Evaluate how global, national and community-level political, social and economic structures and interests affect the room for manoeuvering decision makers

Success factors

HelpWhat would be some success factors for this solution to be a success?

Timing

Help

Was it the right timing for this solution?

Is it better to introduce the solution at a specific time e.g. in relation to other external decision or shift?

Should it be placed into a larger formal political processes/program?


Impact on indicators

Help

How did the solution affect the problem indicators?

How did the solution perform over time? (short, medium and long term)

When will we see the desired effects? Keep in mind the butterfly effect and delays in feedback loops.

Consider using System Dynamics (SD) simulations.
Introduction to System Dynamics: Building a Simulation Model. YouTube

If you are not able to develop SD models and run simulations then instead use Causal Loop Diagrams to predict how different variables/indicators will be affected. A small change in one place can have big influence throughout the system. Knowing what other parts of the system will change as a result of a solution is important for decision makers.


Potency and effectiveness

HelpDid the solution solve the underlying root causes? Did it break vicious cycles (bad feedback loops) or will it create self reinforcing constructive cycles? Will it create self reinforcing constructive loops, how potent will they be?

Positive impacts

Help

What were the positive consequences?

Pay extra attention to synergy effects. How can this solution create self-reinforcing feedback loops that will get us out of this bad performing situation?

What are the short, medium and long term effects?

What are the different positive impacts across sectors/communities/stakeholders? (e.g. different companies, vulnerable groups, rural vs. urban communities etc.)

Is it an inclusive solution where benefits are equitably distributed across groups?


Negative impacts

Help

What were the negative consequences?

An intervention may generate bottlenecks or negative short-term impacts. How can we mitigate negative effects?

What are the negative impacts across sectors/communities and people?

Identify potential short and long-term challenges that may arise.

What are the different negative impacts across sectors/communities/stakeholders? (e.g. different companies, vulnerable groups, rural vs. urban communities etc.)


Costs

Help

What are the the costs (monetary, social, political etc.)?

Cost in the short, medium and long term.

Are the costs fairly allocated across actors in the system?


Financing

Help

How was the solution to be financed?


Sustainability

Help

Was the solution sustainable over time?

  • Economic sustainability: Balance in profit, posession. Protection of property rights.
  • Social sustainability: Balance between the individual and the society. Personal integrity and freedom.
  • Environmental sustainability with the preservation of nature etc.

Legitimacy

HelpDid the solution have the required level of legitimacy to survive over time?

Acceptabiliy

Help

Was the solution acceptable by all?


Communicatable

HelpWas it easy to communicate the solution? Did people understand it and will it get backed?

Stop rules

Help

Were there any criteria to stop, pause or terminate the solution implementation?

Is there a deadline? Will there be side effects or negative consequences of not achieving the targets/goals within a certain time limit?


Risks

Help

What were the possible risks associated with this solution?

Add contingencies or uncertain events that may happen as a result of introducing this solution.

What about reversability? Is there a chance that this solution would make it extremely hard to change the path of progress?


Robustness

Help

How did we make sure the solution is robust/resilient and can withstand pressure, shocks and dislocations?

How do make sure the solution can withstand sabotage?


Scenarios

Help

How will this solution perform under the different scenarios we identified in Probable futures?

How did we respond if the solution develops in an unexpected direction? What could those directions be?

What are some external events or pressures that would jeopardize this solution?

Identify important risks and what to do about them if they should happen.


Risk reduction

Help

How can we avoid and prevent negative side effects in the first place?

How will we make sure the plan goes according to plan?

Are you going to monitor and evaluate decisions in order to continuously adapt your strategy to the evolving conditions?

Should you allow indicators to be identified and trends to be monitored in order to anticipate future challenges and opportunities?

Do you need to do continuous analysis of the system responses in order to identify early warning signs or gaps?


Adjustability

Help

How were we to stay flexible in order to adapt to internal or external changes.

How were we to stay lean and agile to avoid jeopardizing our own solution because of too much complexity and bureaucracy?

Keep in mind reversibility. Long time delays often mean that doing and undoing may require different lengths of time. If, over time, one finds out that the solution generates the wrong results it may take a long time to reverse the trend or undo the changes.


Follow up work

HelpWhat could be done as further work on this?

Who could be contacted for further work

HelpWho are people who could be contacted if this solution where to be tried again or continued in any way?

Why it worked

HelpWhat were the factors that contributed to its success and what was important for the solution to work on this problem?

Why it did not worked

HelpWhat were the factors that contributed to its failiure?

Conclusion

HelpDid the solution (policy/program/initiative) achieve its objective?
Loading...
Loading...

YouTube or TED talk video page Url

HelpUse the YouTube or TED talk page Url, not embed code or other id.

Suggested tasks/questions for this sub section

  • In a larger or smaller context, what solutions are being done there that could be transferred to your problem context.
  • Look at what sister jurisdictions, communities, locals or other agencies is doing.

Watch out for

Advanced topics

Further reading for intermediate problem solvers:

Here you will find solutions that is currently being tried out in the real world on this or related problems.

The solution details view has sub sections with a set of fields. These fields are not intended to be very long, instead they are meant as summaries. Use the [22] notation to refer to references.

Suggested reading

No items added. Suggest a book, or online resource?

What are some solutions currently being tried on this or similar problems?

Loading... Show version log
Loading...

Description

Help

Short description of the change/intervention.

How does this solution cover the needs and wants of stakeholders?

Learn more about stakeholder management.


Goals

HelpWhat are the goals, objectives or purpose of this solution? How to we verify that the goals are achieved?

Scope

HelpWhat are the boundaries of this solution? What is not be part of this solution?

Reaching critical mass

Help

How are you to reach critical mass with your solution? With critical mass we mean a way to create momentum and have the 'snowball start rolling'?

Where will you start and what are the prioritized actions to have the solution become viral?

How will you make it spread? What catalysts will be used?

How can you make the solution scale? How will you make it self-direct and self-sustain? Will you create a new eco-system or tap into other eco-systems?


Proper coupling

Help

How will this solution create balance and harmony among relevant systems?

Will this solution improve performance of the system as a whole (rather than improving selected indicators at the expense of others)?


Change resistance

HelpHow will this solution overcome the forces og change resistance?

How can we create positive self reinforcing feedback loops that will increase awareness, incentives and social motivations to accelerate the changes we seek? How can we create network effects/critical mass and reinforce behavior loops?


Capability and learning

Help

How are we making sure the people within the problem system can evolve and strengthen their own capacity to solve this and other problems without having to rely on outside help or experts to initiate the process?


Solution model drift

HelpHow are we making sure the solution and our understanding keep up with changes in the problem situation?

How to measure

Help

What key indicators would you use to assess success? What secondary indicators will you use to assess the causal or influencing factors on the key indicator(s)?

How will you monitor and evaluate the implementation of this solution?

By what means will we measure success and progress? What should we monitor and how?

How can we add adaptive monitoring in order to identify signals of emmergent situations. Adaptive monitoring is important in order to be resilient and flexible.

How do we monitor both on the lower level and on a higher level? We must not forget about the big picture and the top key indicators.

What indicators would you use to assesses the costs and performance of this solution?


Changes required

Help

What are the main changes that need to happen?

What needs to happen to accellerate or reach the necessary tipping points?

What are the most important milestones?

What needs to change on the level of the individual, at the level of relationships with others, at the level of groups, at the level constituents and nations, and at the level of ecosystems and the global?


Actions

Help

What are the tasks/initiatives/projects initiated as part of this solution?

For each activity list factors that could impede the action or help/strengthen or make it easier. What could you take advantage of? What could you do to make sure everything goes as smooth as possible?

How will you test the solution? How can you perform a pilot to get a letter of intent and get early feedback and discover important road blocks?

Do you need certifications, patents or do you need to contact legal authorities?

What are the conditions that will enable our goals and what are the actions needed to facilitate those conditions?


Roadmap

HelpWhat are the major milestones of the plan? What needs to be done first and why?

Resources

HelpWhat are the most important resources needed for this solution?

Who is involved

HelpWhat persons, groups, organizations are involved in carrying out the solution? Is a multistakeholder approach used integrating all sectors (private, public and civil)?

Where is it carried out

HelpIn what geographical location is it being carried out?

Allies

Help

Who are the required partners/allies and who are helping to implement the solution?

How can you obtain formal endorsements?


Opposition

Help

Who are the people opposing, impeding, sabotaging or blocking this solution? How will you deal with it?

How will you overwin opposition? Opposition is often overcome by changing perceptions. Can you improve perception by targeting audiences from different angles? Think both top-down and bottom up.


Compensation

HelpWho are the loosers of this solution and how are they compensated, recognized or attended to?

Achievability

HelpIs it achievable from a technological, economic, legal, operational and cultural view point?

What are some important factors to consider for a successful implementation plan?

Is it possible to achieve the goals on time (or in a timely fashion)?


Getting buy-in

HelpHow are you convincing important stakeholders to support or accept the solution?

Rallying support

HelpHow are you rallying the support the people to build the popularity of the soluiton (grass root movements)

Obstacles

Help

What are the barriers/threats/obstacles/pitfalls?

E.g. legal, funding, beaucracy. Identify ways to overcome the obstacles.


Political context

HelpHow is the decision making environment?
Evaluate decision making structures, processes and legal/policy frameworks. Evaluate how global, national and community-level political, social and economic structures and interests affect the room for manoeuvering decision makers

Success factors

HelpWhat would be some success factors for this solution to be a success?

Timing

Help

Is it the right timing for this solution?

Is it better to introduce the solution at a specific time e.g. in relation to other external decision or shift?

Should it be placed into a larger formal political processes/program?


Impact on indicators

Help

How will the solution affect the problem indicators?

How will the solution perform over time? (short, medium and long term)

When will we see the desired effects? Keep in mind the butterfly effect and delays in feedback loops.

Consider using System Dynamics (SD) simulations.
Introduction to System Dynamics: Building a Simulation Model. YouTube

If you are not able to develop SD models and run simulations then instead use Causal Loop Diagrams to predict how different variables/indicators will be affected. A small change in one place can have big influence throughout the system. Knowing what other parts of the system will change as a result of a solution is important for decision makers.


Potency and effectiveness

HelpWill the solution solve the underlying root causes? Will it break vicious cycles (bad feedback loops) or will it create self reinforcing constructive cycles? Will it create self reinforcing constructive loops, how potent will they be?

Positive impacts

Help

What are the positive consequences?

Pay extra attention to synergy effects. How can this solution create self-reinforcing feedback loops that will get us out of this bad performing situation?

What are the short, medium and long term effects?

What are the different positive impacts across sectors/communities/stakeholders? (e.g. different companies, vulnerable groups, rural vs. urban communities etc.)

Is it an inclusive solution where benefits are equitably distributed across groups?


Negative impacts

Help

What are the negative consequences?

An intervention may generate bottlenecks or negative short-term impacts. How can we mitigate negative effects?

What are the negative impacts across sectors/communities and people?

Identify potential short and long-term challenges that may arise.

What are the different negative impacts across sectors/communities/stakeholders? (e.g. different companies, vulnerable groups, rural vs. urban communities etc.)


Costs

Help

What are the costs (monetary, social, political etc.)?

Cost in the short, medium and long term.

Are the costs fairly allocated across actors in the system?


Financing

Help

How is the solution being financed?


Sustainability

Help

Is the solution sustainable over time?

  • Economic sustainability: Balance in profit, posession. Protection of property rights.
  • Social sustainability: Balance between the individual and the society. Personal integrity and freedom.
  • Environmental sustainability with the preservation of nature etc.

Legitimacy

HelpDoes the solution have the required level of legitimacy to survive over time?

Acceptabiliy

Help

Is the solution acceptable by all?


Communicatable

HelpIs it easy to communicate the solution? Do people understand it and will it get backed?

Stop rules

Help

Are there any criteria to stop, pause or terminate the solution implementation?

Is there a deadline? Will there be side effects or negative consequences of not achieving the targets/goals within a certain time limit?


Risks

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What are the possible risks associated with this solution?

Add contingencies or uncertain events that may happen as a result of introducing this solution.

What about reversability? Is there a chance that this solution would make it extremely hard to change the path of progress?


Robustness

Help

How will we make sure the solution is robust/resilient and can withstand pressure, shocks and dislocations?

How do make sure the solution can withstand sabotage?


Scenarios

Help

How will this solution perform under the different scenarios we identified in Probable futures?

How are we to respond if the solution develops in an unexpected direction? What could those directions be?

What are some external events or pressures that would jeopardize this solution?

Identify important risks and what to do about them if they should happen.


Risk reduction

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How can we avoid and prevent negative side effects in the first place?

How will we make sure the plan goes according to plan?

Are you going to monitor and evaluate decisions in order to continuously adapt your strategy to the evolving conditions?

Should you allow indicators to be identified and trends to be monitored in order to anticipate future challenges and opportunities?

Do you need to do continuous analysis of the system responses in order to identify early warning signs or gaps?


Adjustability

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How are we to stay flexible in order to adapt to internal or external changes.

How are we to stay lean and agile to avoid jeopardizing our own solution because of too much complexity and bureaucracy?

Keep in mind reversibility. Long time delays often mean that doing and undoing may require different lengths of time. If, over time, one finds out that the solution generates the wrong results it may take a long time to reverse the trend or undo the changes.


Follow up work

HelpWhat could be done as further work on this?

Who could be contacted for further work

HelpWho are people who could be contacted if this solution where to be tried again or continued in any way?

Why it worked

HelpWhat are the factors that contributes to its success and what is important for the solution to work on this problem?

Why it does not work

HelpWhat are the factors that contribute to its failiure?

Conclusion

Helpis the solution (policy/program/initiative) achieve its objective?
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YouTube or TED talk video page Url

HelpUse the YouTube or TED talk page Url, not embed code or other id.
Issue type



Severity




Issue title


Description
Development issues