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Riyadh B01B

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Index

List all concepts alphabetically here (everything from issues, facts, data sets, solutions, actions, criterias etc). Use faceted search to filter, sort and group items.

Map

Interactive map mindmap like diagram here where users can browse the entire problem space using relations such as those between object, stakeholders, variables ... and anything else.

Solution convergence

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We are currently in an early development phase of this system. We have still made this page visible to make our design and development process as transparent as possible.

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Morphological Analysis

this sub section shows an example of how you might organize a Morphological Analysis. Click table cells to view solution space

Solution Cost in mill $ Time to implement Stakeholder Potential weight loss in obese Disadvantages / side effects Coverage / reach Aimed at weight group Population group Potential savings
Raise tax on unhealthy foods<1<1 yrCDCLowNuisance for people of normal weight<25%Under weightChildrenLow
Ban obesity1-10ca 1 yr GymMiddleRelapse 25-50%Normal weightAdultsMiddels
Local training courses for overweight10-50 ca 2 yrSkoleHighPsychological 50-75%OvervektEldreHigh
Obesity training camps with nutrition courses50-100 3-5 yrMunicipalityComplications >75%ObesityLow income homes
Subsidies on fruit and vegetables100-200 5+ yrFarmers Limited effect over time  Morbid ObesityMiddle class
National awareness campaign based on threaths200-500 FDA Risk of bullying / stigma  Upper class
Information campaign about exercise and diet Media Risk of death   
Labelling of healthy food Hospital Limitations on freedom to choose   
Prohibit sale of very unhealthy foods   None   
Nutrition/dietary training in primary schools       
Free healthy food at lunch in elementary school       
Prohibit soda and snack vending machines in public places       
Local activity clubs for Children       
Subsidies an army of personal trainers       
Expand hospital capacity for obesity operations       
Booklet on strategies for weight management for all households       
Equip elevators with payment systems       
Current situation (do nothing)       

 

 

 

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Start with broad goals that cover relevant values

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Solution rating by criteria

rate together proposals that target same goals. cluster by goals. because we must usually do several interventions simultaneously.

Criteria Weight Raise tax on unhealthy foods Ban obesity Local training courses for overweight Central obesity training camps with nutrition courses National awareness campaign based on threaths Information campaign about exercise and diet Labelling of healthy food Prohibit sale of very unhealthy foods Nutrition/dietary training in primary schools
Low implementation cost 8896 67765 4
Short implementation time 3774 578 322
Potential weight loss in obese 64 8 7534 347
Ethical / Moral / liberties 55 1 994     
Few disadvantages / side effects (see sub criterias) 4529 88    
Coverage / reach 79963    
Potential synergies (see sub criterias) 23585    

Weighted sum
 160227241201    
rotate this table and add sorting on criteria header row

for each value in table set confidence level.

For each criteria you can create sub critera that needs to be ranked. Sub criterias as aggregated and shown in this main table.

Social multi-criteria evaluation (SMCE) see NAIADE

Multi-criteria analysis : http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/12761/1/Multi-criteria_Analysis.pdf

Analytical Hierarchy Process

The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is a structured technique for organizing and analyzing complex decisions. Based on mathematics and psychology, it was developed by Thomas L. Saaty in the 1970s and has been extensively studied and refined since then. more http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analytic_Hierarchy_Process

see http://www.boku.ac.at/mi/ahp/ahptutorial.pdf or

MACBETH scoring

pair wise comparison
see for more info http://www.lamsade.dauphine.fr/~gold/Cours%20et%20pr%E9sentations/Bana.pdf http://www.m-macbeth.com/docs/MACBETH_LSE%20working%20paper%200356%2019nov.pdf http://web.ist.utl.pt/carlosbana/help/papers/Multicriteria%20value%20measurement.pdf http://www.m-macbeth.com/en/downloads.html#tutorial All criteria must be ratable agaist all solutions

The 5 E's

EfficacyWill it produce the required output?
EfficiencyWill it be carried out with the least amount of resources?
EleganceIs it well designed? Is it aesthetically pleasing? Is it simple rather than over complicated and over engineered?
EffectivenessIs it meeting the longer term aim? Is it effective over the long run?
EthicalityIs it morally and ethically acceptable?

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Further reading for intermediate problem solvers:

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Top ranked solutions

X-axis: criteria A, Y-axis: criteria B, bubble size: criteria C, Colors: red=criteria D, blue=criteria E
filtering: [x] show all, [] only show solutions with many votes, [] only show solutions voted on by experts

Here show scatter chart. Let user change view on the fly.

Criteria points

show horizontal bar graph with solutions on Y axis and criterias on X axis. (use html tables %)

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Scenarios tries to view the proposed solution together as a whole.

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Combination scenarios

Not implemented. Scenarios are combinations of future events and sequential or paralell solutions. possible outcomes. Identify everything that could go wrong. Systematically search for issues that may become problems in the future. What if external force X affects the process? what if this or that change for some reason. Has happened before? What if the economy worsens or get better etc.?

Solutions in concert

rate probability of scenarios

For each combination of solutions write a scenario. Each scenario is effectively a story: a set of events strung together, with a 'moral': an underlying theme or message.

Possible future issues are aggregated from selected solutions and shown here.

Probability tree here.

Effects on sub problems and other related problems

Risk management

Potential threats and oppurtunities. Whats the potential impact. Prevention, capitalization, how to minimize impact.

External influene over time

How will external future decisions affect our solutions. Look at trends and predict future external changes that will come.

Value matrix

Cells show total score based on weighted criteria values

Solution ASolution BSolution C
Stakeholder 1579
Stakeholder 2682
Stakeholder 3222
Stakeholder 4416
Total score101716

Optimal solution is B (17 points)

Suggested tasks/questions for this sub section

Be aware that implementing a solution prematurely may be more detrimental than beneficial.

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Accepted solutions

List of solutions that are agreed upon

Causal diagram showing how the solution(s) will change the situation for the better.

Take into account Unexpected Events

system of interconnected, interdependant, and interacting solutions. how will this solution behave along side other solutions carried out elsewhere?

How to acheive coordination and integration.

We need to design all parts interactively, therefore simultaneously. This requires coordination. How to achieve coordination across other problems spaces?

Compromises

Compromises that will have to be done with the current set of agreed upon solutions. What stakeholders have to give up. Automatically listed based on stakeholder analysis.

are we able to target the root cause or is the root cause not feasible because it would require a global revolution etc?

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Further reading for intermediate problem solvers:

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Final causal loop diagram

Show selected solutions in one diagram.

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Development issues